程序员怒了!你敢削减专利奖金,我敢拒绝提交代码!

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本文链接:https://csdnnews.blog.csdn.net/article/details/88968354

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作者 | 伍杏玲

出品 | CSDN(ID:CSDNnews)

创新是科技公司之魂。缺少创新因子的公司,无论过去如何辉煌,很快就被市场抛弃。

诺基亚在被微软收购时,其CEO埃洛普说:“我们没有做错什么,但是还是失败了。”

媒体评论道:“诺基亚犯的错,就是把自己的优点极大化后,没留点余地让自己冒险,最后,成为100分的输家。”

所以很多公司均用不菲的奖励鼓励员工创新,但国外有一位程序员最近遇到一件糟心事:公司竟然将专利奖励金大大降低了!他因为这事都快要离职了。

 

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专利奖金减少,我不干了!

 

原本公司有一项专利的福利:在日常工作之外,员工可以为一个新想法撰写专利,提交给专利团队,如采纳的话,员工能得到300-5000美元的奖励。

有一位高级工程师在过去的两年时间里成功地申请了30多项专利,他仅公开的专利中已获得11万美元的专利奖励。公司将他提交的专利全都用在自己的产品上。

公司最近决定缩减这个政策的福利支出,提交专利的奖励从300美元降至100美元,优质专利则从5000美元降至900美元。由于员工是在业务时间做这事的,降低福利后,很多员工的积极性降低,如今一周仅有两次或一季度3次的申请频率。

于是上文提到的两年拿了11万专利奖励的工程师对此政策表示不满,因为政策调整后,他只能通过晋升来赚更多的钱。

在调整福利待遇之前,他曾公开展示过一项技术,并声称围绕这项技术已经撰写了5项专利。但政策改变后,他像失忆一般,说不记得自己研究过这项技术代码了。

如果这项技术能应用在公司的产品上,将促进其发展,所以公司很重视这。目前公司怀疑他准备要跳槽,并不再信任他。IT部门已经搜索过他的笔记本电脑、OneDrive账户,也找不到一丝关于这技术的文档和代码。

根据公司雇佣协议,他公司工作期间产生的所有知识产权,即使在业余时间做的,也是公司的财产。可该工程师一口咬定:“不知道公司在说什么”。

那么这位程序员的做法是否合理,公司的做法是否合规呢?来看看其他程序员和律师怎么说。

 

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公司合法,员工危险

 

对此,有人讨论道:人才创新是关键,公司不应该削减政策。

@UseStrict 

 

在削减福利支出后,领导们可能会向上层邀功道:“他们每年都为公司节省了数千美元。”

但其实在大多数行业中,创新是关键,如果削减对工程师创新性福利待遇,公司在不久的将来可能会使自己陷入僵局。我并不怪那个“不记得”老板在说什么的人。

下面这位仁兄提出合理的方案:奖励保持原先的不动,审核标准提高。

@JackFr

 

我想可能是领导看了这些专利后,认为很大程度上是浪费金钱,可能是因为知识产权不值得为公司支付的钱。

所以我认为最好的解决方案是收紧审查程序:奖励仍和以前一样相同,但通过的专利更少。

有人则对公司的“搜刮”行为进行议论:

@swiftcoder

 

公司是有权利这样做,但作为一家科技公司的员工,如果我得知我的老板对我这么做,我会在同一天递交辞呈。

信任是双向的,一旦你对员工不信任,你就无法重新获得信任。

对此,CSDN(ID:CSDNnews)采访了北京盈科律所的专利法律师——王柱律师来评估下该公司和员工的做法是否合法:

CSDN:公司自主修改福利政策是否合法呢?

王柱:公司有修改其规章制度的权利,并且该规章制度也没有违反相关法律规定,公司修改福利政策没有问题。

CSDN:员工离职不上交自己在业务时间研究的专利,是否合法?

王柱:首先要看员工发明的技术是否属于职务发明,如果属于职务发明,那该项技术就属于公司,其专利申请权也应当归公司;如果该项技术不属于职务发明,也就是没有利用公司的条件、也与在公司的主要工作不相关,那就属于非职务发明,那该项技术就属于员工个人,员工有自行处理的权利。

那么按照王柱律师所说,如果上文的工程师的专利代码和自己的工作内容相关的话,他有被告的危险了,同时需要上交专利代码。

 

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专利为何重要?

 

一直以来,专利对科技公司的发展尤为重要,你想想如果公司没有申请专利的话,公司花费大量人力物力研究一项技术出来,一天被他人复制粘贴,迅速抢占你的市场,那么公司之前的努力和付出将付诸东流。

况且获得专利权有三大优势:独占市场;专利费用收入;专利是企业的无形资产,政府有相关的专利奖励政策。

所以近年来,各巨头公司花费大量的人力物力打专利官司:

华为专利全球第一:哪里跌倒,哪里爬起!提到,华为的专利申请量高达5405件,位居全球第一。华为的申请量,已超过印度、澳大利亚、新加坡等7个国家的申请量总和。

同时华为也严格维护自己的专利权限,在之前为保护自己的无线通信发明专利,曾和三星打了两年官司,最终胜诉。

还有让世界瞩目的苹果和高通喋喋不休的专利之战:据统计,在过去两年中,苹果和高通一共在在6个国家16个司法管辖区进行了总计超过80起司法诉讼。两周前,美国圣地亚哥联邦法院裁定苹果侵犯了高通的三项专利,需向其支付约3100万美元赔偿金。

庞大的专利费用也是一笔巨额收入:在2013年微软收购诺基亚的设备与服务部门(即手机业务)时花了37.9亿欧元,再以16.5亿欧元购买其专利组合的授权。

再者在企业的发展中,大致要经过三个阶段的驱动:市场驱动、领导力驱动和创新驱动。

其中市场和领导力是高层驱动,但创新是每个员工可参与的。

所以说,即使上文中的公司降低专利奖励是合法的,但降低相关福利打消员工的创新积极性,这不利于公司的长远发展。管理高层该放眼未来,重视人才创新。

2019年人工智能系统学:

https://edu.csdn.net/topic/ai30?utm_source=csdn_bw

 

资料:

Engineer Refusing to File Disclose Patents

新华网:苹果高通专利战持续:美贸易法官再判苹果侵权

 

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【End】

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这么甜的英语,你敢和谁说?

04-13

[code=SQL]1) Do you have a map? Because I just keep losing in your eyes.你有地图么?因为我刚在你的眼神中迷失了.rn2) Meeting you was fate,and falling in love with you was out of my control.遇见你是命运的安排而爱上你是我情不自禁.rn3) No man or woman is worth your tears and the one who is,won't make your cry.没人值得你为ta流泪,真正爱你的人不会让你哭泣.rn4) There are two reasons why I wake up in the morning: my alarm clock and you.我早上愿意醒来为两个理由: 闹钟和你.rn5) You are everything to me, and I was so blessed when god sent you here for me你是我的一切,我是如此幸运上帝让你来到我身边.rn6) In spite of you and me and the silly world going to pieces around us,I love you.哪怕是世界末日,我都会爱你.rn7) If I could rearrange the alphabet,I'd put Y and I together.如果我能重新来排列字母,我要把Y(你)跟I(我)在一起.rn8) It's not being in love that makes me happy, but is being in loving with you.不是恋爱的感觉让我幸福而是爱上你的感觉让我幸福.rn9) There are 4 steps to happiness: 1 you 2 me 3 our hearts 4 together通过四步就能幸福1 你2 我3 我们的心4 在一起.rn10) Love you so I don`t wanna go to sleep, for reality is better than a dream.爱你,所以不想入睡,因为真实比梦境还要美丽.rn11)想你,是一种美丽的忧伤的甜蜜的惆怅,心里面,却是一种用任何语言也无法表达的温馨。It is graceful grief and sweet sadness to think of you, but in my heart, there is a kind of soft warmth that can’t be expressed with any choice of words.rn12)你知道思念一个人的滋味吗,就像喝了一大杯冰水,然后用很长很长的时间流成热泪。Do you understand the feeling of missing someone? It is just like that you will spend a long hard time to turn the ice-cold water you have drunk into tears.rn13)我知道你最喜欢这首歌,我也知道你的心思,我想你。I know you like this song most and I know what you are thinking about ,too, I miss you .rn14)常常想起曾和你在一起的那些日子。开心、快乐、幸福、失落、伤心、痛苦的所有日子。很想你,很想你……Those days when we were together appear in my mind time after time, because they were so joyful, happy, blest, disappointing, sad and painful. I miss you ,and miss you so much……rn15)你知道么,有个人时时想念着你,惦记你,你含笑的眼睛,象星光闪闪,缀在我的心幕上,夜夜亮晶晶。Do you know there is someone thinking of you and caring you all the time ? Your smiling eyes are just like the sparkling stars hanging on the curtain of my heart.rn16)心要让你听见,爱要让你看见,不怕承认对你有多眷恋;想你的时候,盼你能收到我的真情留言!Listening to my heart beating. Seeing how much I love you ,I dare to admit how much I love you .When thinking of you, I hope you can receive the passionate words I left for you!rn17)千万个思念,在空气中凝固。扬起风吹向你,带着我的祝福,寂寞我不在乎,你快乐我就满足,想你是我的幸福!Thousand of time I have thought of you .My heart is going high into the air and flying with my blessing towards you I don’t care loneliness. I am satisfied when you are happy and I am happy when I think of you!rn18)不是因为寂寞才想你,是因为想你才寂寞。孤独的感觉之所以如此之重,只是因为太想你。I miss you not because of my loneliness but I do feel lonely when I miss you. Only when I miss you deeply I feel so lonely.rn19)长长的思念,就像风筝断了线,飘啊飘啊,飘到你的身边。I miss you so deeply that my love just like a kite has broken its line and won’t stop flying until it reaches you at last.rn20)好想,好想你!如果清风有情,请带去我对你的思念,这一生都为你牵挂;如果白云有意,请带去我对你的爱恋,生生世世都愿和你共缠绵!Oh, How much I miss you! If the passionate refreshing breeze knows my heart, it can tell you that I miss you and care you for my life’s time. If graceful white cloud knows my heart, it can tell you I love you and would be together with you forever.rn11、一份不渝的友谊,执着千万个祝福,给我想念的朋友,温馨的问候。For our ever-lasting friendship, send sincere blessings and warm greetings to my friends whom I miss so much.rn12、在这快乐分享的时刻,思念好友的时刻,美梦成真的时刻,祝你—新年快乐,佳节如意!Wish you a happy new year and a good fortune in the coming year when we will share our happiness, think of our good friends, and our dreams come true!rn13、但愿会在梦中再见到我心爱的女孩!Wish to meet my angle again lovely girl in my dream!rn14、难道你怕一个深爱着你的痴情儿?Do you fear a love fool who is loving you so deeply?rn15、我要幸福的昏倒了!I am too happy to stand faint!rn16、月亮代表我的心!The moonlight stands for my heart!rn17、过得好么?希望世界因你而美丽!How are you getting on ? I hope that the word will become more beautiful because of you!rn18、你在时你是一切,你不在时一切是你!You are everything when you are with me, and everything is you when you are not.rn19、我不知道我是否真的爱,但是我知道我不能没有你,如果地球将要毁灭,那么我要告诉你“你是我唯一想见的人”。I don’t know whether I really love you, but I know I cannot lose you. If the earth is going to be destroyed I want to tell you that you are the only one I want to see.rn20、遇上一个人要一分钟的时间,喜欢一个人只需一小时的时间,爱上一个人要一天的时间,可要我忘记你却要用上一生的时间。I can meet a person in a minute, like a person in an hour and love a person in a day, but it will take me a whole life to forget yourn21、在每个想念的日子,想你不容易,不想你更难,愿以一片难懂的心情,深深思念你!情人节快乐!Every day I miss you. It is a hard time for me to miss you but it is even harder not to do so. In such a contrary mood, I miss you deeply! A happy Valentine’s Day to you!rn22、在你抑郁的时候,我就是你的开心果。在你忧伤的时候,我愿作你的忘忧树!I will make you happy when you are depressed. I will make you delighted when you are in great sorrow!rn23、正是因为爱才悄悄的躲开,躲开的是身影,躲不开的是默默的情怀;今天我终于鼓起勇气,向你表达我的爱。Because of loving you so much that I stood aside. Although my figure left you away, my heart didn’t. Today I have made up my mind to say “I love you”.rn24、只要你愿意,当你失落失意的时候,最需要一个肩膀的时候,告诉我,我会立即出现。As long as you are willing, please let me know what I can do for you. When you are unhappy and want to cry on somebody’s shoulder, I will stand before you immediately.rn25、思念中我一千次一万次地问鸿雁问明月问春风,愿鸿雁将我的眷恋捎给你;愿明月将我的问候带给你;愿春风将我的关切送给你!I pray for the swan goose, the moonlight and the spring breeze for thousands of times, wishing the swan goose can bring my miss to you; the moonlight can convey my greeting to you ; the spring breeze can send my care to you!rn26、不同的时间,不同的地点,不同的人群,相同的只有你和我;时间在变,空间在变,不变的只有对你无限的思念!You and I remains the same in different time, at different places,among different people; time is changing, space is changing and everything is changing except my miss to you!rn27、没有杯子……咖啡是寂寞的……没有你……我是孤独的……Coffee is lonely without cups. I am lonely without you.rn28、每一天都为你心跳,每一刻都被你感动,每一秒都为你担心。有你的感觉真好。My heart beats for you every day. I am inspired by you every minute, and I worry about you every second. It is wonderful to have you in my life.rn29、你可知我百年的孤寂只为你一人守侯,千夜的恋歌只为你一人而唱。You know my loneliness is only kept for you, my sweet songs are only sung for you.rn30、如果活着,是上帝赋予我最大的使命,那么活者有你,将会是上帝赋予我使命的恩赐……If living on the earth is a mission from the lord… living with you is the award of the lord…rn31、我不要短暂的温存,只要你一世的陪伴。I prefer having your accompanying for life-long time to the short-time tenderness.rn32、我想将对你的感情化作暖暖的阳光,期待那洒落的光明能温暖你的心房。I want that my love to you will turn into bright sunlight so that to warm your heart.rn33、我想将对你的思念寄予散落的星子,但愿那点点的星光能照进你的窗前,伴你好梦。I send my miss to the scattering stars and wish you a sweet dream under the light shedding through your window.rn34、我在忧愁时想你,就像在冬天想太阳;我在快乐时想你,就像在骄阳下想树阴。I miss you when I am depressed, just as I miss the sunlight in winter; I miss you when I feel happy, just as I miss the shade in the hot sun.rn35、Love means never having to say you're sorry爱,意味着永不说后悔rn36、When I met you I knew I would forever be by your side --forever your partner and forever your love当我看到你,我知道我会永远在你身边,永远爱你rn37、I can't live without you by my side. No one can ever take your place我不能没有你, 没有人会代替你在我心中的位置rn1.If I had a single flower for every time I think about you, I could walk forever in my garden.假如每次想起你我都会得到一朵鲜花,那么我将永远在花丛中徜徉。rn2.Within you I lose myself, without you I find myself wanting to be lost again.有了你,我迷失了自我。失去你,我多么希望自己再度迷失。rn3.At the touch of love everyone becomes a poet.每一个沐浴在爱河中的人都是诗人。rn4.Look into my eyes - you will see what you mean to me.看看我的眼睛,你会发现你对我而言意味着什么。rn5.I need him like I need the air to breathe.我需要他,正如我需要呼吸空气。rn6.Who travels for love finds a thousand miles not longer than one.在爱人眼里,一千里的旅程不过一里。rn7.Love keeps the cold out better than a cloak.爱比大衣更能驱走寒冷。rn8.Take away love, and our earth is a tomb.没有了爱,地球便成了坟墓。rn9.My heart is with you.我的爱与你同在。rn10.I miss you so much already and I haven't even left yet!尽管还不曾离开,我已对你朝思暮想!rn11.I'll think of you every step of the way.我会想你,在漫漫长路的每一步。rn12.Wherever you go, whatever you do, I will be right here waiting for you.无论你身在何处,无论你为何忙碌,我都会在此守候。rn13.Passionate love is a quenchless thirst.热烈的爱情是不可抑制的渴望。rn14.Every day without you is like a book without pages.没有你的日子就像一本没有书页的书。rn15.Love is hard to get into, but harder to get out of.爱很难投入,但一旦投入,便更难走出。rn16.May your love soar on the wings of a dove in flight.愿你的爱乘着飞翔的白鸽,展翅高飞。rn17.She who has never loved, has never lived.人活着总要爱一回。rn18.Life is the flower for which love is the honey.生命如花,爱情是蜜。rn19.No words are necessary between two loving hearts.两颗相爱的心之间不需要言语。rn20.Precious things are very few in this world. That is the reason there is just one you.在这世上珍贵的东西总是罕有,所以这世上只有一个你。rn21.You make my heart smile.我的心因你而笑。rn22.The road to a lover's house is never long.通往爱人家里的路总不会漫长。rn23.Being with you is like walking on a very clear morning.和你在一起就像在一个清爽的早晨漫步。rn24.It is never too late to fall in love.爱永远不会嫌晚。rn25.To the world you may be just one person. To the person you may be the world.对于世界,你可能只是一个人,但对于某个人,你却是整个世界。rn26.Where there is love, there are always wishes.哪里有爱,哪里就有希望。rn27.You don't love a woman because she is beautiful, but she is beautiful because you love her.你不会因为美丽去爱一个女人,但她却会因为你的爱而变得美丽。rn28.Love is something eternal; the aspect may change, but not the essence.爱是永恒的,外表可能改变,但本质永远不变。rn29.Love is not a matter of counting the days. It's making the days count.爱情不是数着日子过去,它让每个日子都变得有意义。rn30.With the wonder of your love, the sun above always shines.拥有你美丽的爱情,太阳就永远明媚。rn31.Love is a fabric that nature wove and fantasy embroidered.爱情是一方织巾,用自然编织,用幻想点缀。rn32.First love is unforgettable all one's life.初恋是永生难忘的。rn33.In the very smallest cot there is room enough for a loving pair.哪怕是最小的茅舍,对一对恋人来说都有足够的空间。rn34.Love without end hath no end.情绵绵,爱无边。rn35.Love's tongue is in the eyes.爱情的话语全在双眼之中。rn36.In love folly is always sweet.恋爱中,干傻事总是让人感到十分美妙。rn37.There is no hiding from lover's eyes.什么也瞒不过恋人的眼睛。rn38.The only present love demands is love.爱所祈求的唯一礼物就是爱。rn39.The heart that once truly loves never forgets.真挚恋爱过的心永不忘却。rn40.Love warms more than a thousand fires.爱情的炽热胜过千万团的火。rn[/code] 论坛

你敢吗?抛砖引玉的问题,值得一看

07-13

路过的技术牛人,想请教一个问题。我想用fork产生3个子进程,分别执行不同的任务。并且给他们设定不同的优先级,让他们按照优先级执行。rn我的代码在下面。进程1,child1的优先级是14.child2的优先级是10.child3的优先级是-3.按道理应该是子进程child3先执行。rnrn#includern#includern#includern#includern#includern#includernrnrnvoid main()rnrn pid_t father,child1,child2,child3;rn int prio;rn father=getpid();rn setpriority(PRIO_PROCESS,0,20);rn //nice(10);rn printf("the father ID is : %d\n",father);rn prio=getpriority(PRIO_PROCESS,0);rn printf("the father priority is %d\n",prio);rn child1=fork();rn if(child1==0) rn setpriority(PRIO_PROCESS,0,14);rn prio=getpriority(PRIO_PROCESS,0);rn printf("the child one ID is : %d\n",getpid());rn printf("the child one priority is %d\n",prio);rn rn else if(child1>0)rn child2=fork();rn if(child2==0) rn setpriority(PRIO_PROCESS,0,10);rn prio=getpriority(PRIO_PROCESS,0);rn printf("the child two ID is : %d\n",getpid());rn printf("the child two priority is %d\n",prio);rn rn else if(child2>0)rn child3=fork();rn if(child3==0) rn setpriority(PRIO_PROCESS,0,-3);rn prio=getpriority(PRIO_PROCESS,0);rn printf("the child three ID is : %d\n",getpid());rn printf("the child three priority is %d\n",prio);rn rn else if(child3>0) rn printf("my ID is %d\n",getpid());rn printf("my prio is %d\n",getpriority(PRIO_PROCESS,0));rn rn rn rn rnrnrnrn执行结果是:rn先执行1,再 2,再3rn 论坛

敢挑战的——进!!!!!!

06-11

下面是两个类,即棋盘与棋子,如何将它们组合在一起以实现下棋的操作?这在面向对象设计中,有个专门的关系,就叫组合吧。还有,如何分别对棋盘和棋子设置颜色,以及如何实现“悔棋”的效果,即点击鼠标生成的圈,如何擦除??rn我问题的关键是如何用java实现这些效果,也就是程序算法我知道,不需要啰嗦了。rn请回答问题的各位大虾注意一下,这里有三个问题和一个强调,不要做无用功!!rn[code=Java]//DrawChessman类rnclass DrawChessman extends JPanel rn private static final long serialVersionUID = 4785452373598819719L;rn private int x, y; //位置rn final int ChessSize = 30;//棋子大小rn rn public void paintComponent(Graphics g) //画棋子rn g.drawOval(x-ChessSize/2, y-ChessSize/2, ChessSize, ChessSize); rn rn rn public DrawChessman() rn this.addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() rn public void mouseClicked(MouseEvent e) rn x = e.getX(); rn y = e.getY(); rn repaint(); rn rn ); rn rn rnrn//ChessBoard类rnclass ChessBoard extends JPanelrn private static final long serialVersionUID = 4785452373598819719L;rn private int x, y; //位置rn final int ChessSize = 30;//棋子大小rn private int width=600, height=600;//rn private int d = width / 20;rnrn public ChessBoard ()rn setBackground(new Color(235, 157, 80));rn rn rn public void paint(Graphics g) //画棋盘 rn for(int i = 0; i<=width; i+= d)rn if(i==0 || i==width)rn g.drawLine(i, 0, i, height);rn g.drawLine(0, i, width, i);rn elsern g.drawLine(i, d, i, height-d);rn g.drawLine(d, i, width-d, i);rn rn rn rnrn[/code] 论坛

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